Roids. Juice. Gym Candy. Gear. Whatever name they go by, performance enhancing steroids are part of a whole different competition that will be waged at the Olympics and other sporting events this year: the battle between.
Athletes looking to get an unfair advantage, and the chemists working to catch them. The name steroid actually applies to hundreds of molecules that share a similar fourringed structure. Cholesterol is a steroid. So are estrogens and testosterone. The kind of steroids that dopers use are anabolicandrogenic steroids, two words derived from Greek that.
Mean they bulk you up and give you more masculine traits. What they all have in common is that they encourage the body to build muscle at faster rates, which can improve athletic performance. When these steroids enter muscle cells, they trigger the biological machinery that grows and strengthens muscle tissue. They also get more oxygen flowing to your muscles and organs and can decrease muscle.
Damage, which helps athletes recover from hard workouts faster. Anabolicandrogenic steroids have legitimate medical uses for treating hormone deficiencies, growth disorders or diseases like cancer and AIDS. But for athletes, theres pressure to always get harder better faster stronger. They also have some very serious drawbacks. For one, theyre unfair, so using them will get you disqualified from the Olympics and.
Other competitions. Kind of defeats the purpose of a performing enhancing drug if theres no performance to enhance. On top of that, liver and kidney damage are potentially serious side effects, as are high blood pressure and an enlarged heart. And these steroids can stunt teens growth.
Performance enhancing steroids also can have psychological effects. Users may become depressed. Roid rage is real too, making dopers more aggressive, paranoid and hostile. Most performance enhancing steroids arent regulated by the US Food and Drug Administration, Theyre made in illicit labs or in countries where they are legal. That means researchersand userscant be sure of their effects or even their precise.
Identity. No one can really be sure that they work as advertised or that theyre safe. The other reason underground chemists make new steroids is to try to beat the tests that catch dopers. Drug testing at the Olympics and elsewhere is done by laboratories accredited by the World AntiDoping Agency.
Their scientists and technicians collect samples, usually urine, from athletes before and during competitions. Chemists use equipment that separates molecules by mass to see whats in an athletes urine. Comparing the masses of the molecules they find to those of known performance enhancing drugs lets scientists easily see whos been cheating.
What Do PerformanceEnhancing Drugs Do To Your Body
Hey there and welcome to life noggin. Would you take a performanceenhancing drug that could help you become an Olympic champion? What if that drug had some serious negative side effects? These drugs are banned in sports, but that doesnt stop some athletes from taking them. So what do they do and how do they work? Lets start off with the most famous of these drugs: anabolic steroids.
When these are taken, the body breaks them down into smaller molecules that can enter cells and bind to a structure called an androgen receptor. Normally, testosterone binds to this, but anabolic steroids can too. And from here, the real magic begins. See, once the androgen receptor is activated, your body starts to produce more proteins during the process of anabolism.
The cells in your skeletal muscles start to replicate, and this means that your muscles will start to grow and youll become stronger. In fact, in men, exercise and steroids could lead to a 38% increase in strength, and potentially even more for women. And not only that, but anabolic steroids can also help athletes train harder and recover faster by shortening catabolism the process in which proteins are broken down into amino.
Acids. But, of course, not all the effects of anabolic steroids are positive. It can cause acne, high blood pressure, and malepattern baldness in both men and women. They can cause mens testicles to shrink, decrease sperm count, and increase your risk for prostate cancer. And women using these steroids can develop facial hair, a deepened voice, and their periods.
May change or even completely stop. So, seriously, dont use these. But what if an athlete isnt really concerned with muscle strength, but rather wants to improve their endurance? This is where blood doping comes in handy, but again, this is a bad move. So bad, in fact, that Lance Armstrong was stripped of all seven of his Tour de France.
Victories and was banned from the sport for life. The goal of blood doping is to increase the amount of the oxygencarrying red blood cells in the blood. And this is usually done with either blood transfusions, using your own blood, or by injecting yourself with erythropoietin, a molecule that stimulates the production of more red blood cells.
And the basic idea is that the more oxygen that can get to your bodys muscles, the more endurance you will have. So does it work? Well, in one study, blood doping increased an athletes endurance by 34%, and in another, an athlete was able to run 8 kilometers on a treadmill 44 seconds faster than before. That might not sound like a lot, but when these athletes are competing with the best.
Of the best, every second counts. Now, these are just the tip of the iceberg. Other performanceenhancing drugs include human growth hormone, which helps increase athletes sprinting capacity by up to 4% and increases muscle growth as well. But trust me when I say that, if you are an athlete, its probably better to just train the oldfashioned way with a lot of hard work and sweat.