Hi this is Lesley Fightmaster. I wanted to introduce you guys to Tims Senesi. He is a wonderful teacher. Leave a comment if you would like to see more yoga with Tim. Enjoy the class. Namaste. Alright welcome everybody. This is a vinyasa flow class. And this is a beginner to intermediate level class. So you’re gonna start lying on your back and take the souls your feet together and your knees wide apart. So in this relaxed position allow yourself to breathe steady in and out of your nose. Feel your belly rise and fall with your breath.
And just notice your energetic response to the breath. In other words feel how your body responds to the inhalation and exhalation. Now bring your knees together plant your feet on the floor. Stretch your legs out one at a time. And once your legs get stretched out press through your heels roll your inner thighs down towards the mat. Lengthen your tailbone towards your heels inhale your arms up and stretch your arms overhead. But keep a steady press through your heels. Keep the thigh bones down and draw your front bottom ribs down towards your hips as you stretch your.
Arms. Feel a nice long stretch from your heels all the way to your fingertips. As you exhale bring your arms back to your side. Bend your knees again and plant your feet on the floor. Roll over to the right side. Press up to seated. Cross your legs. Plant your hands down and then come on to your hands and your knees. So hands are underneath your shoulders knees underneath your hips. So we’re gonna do some breathing here. Arch your back pull your chest through your arms and as you exhale.
Total Body Yoga Workout With Tim Senesi
Drawl your navel to your spine, round your back, look back at your belly. And keep moving with your breath inhale. Arch your back Pull your chest through your arms, exhale. Round your back, enable the spine. Establishing breath with movement. One more time. Full breath in. And look forward. look up. Exhale. Round out, look back at your navel. Pull it up. Now inhale into neutral spine, maintain that, curl your toes under. lift your hips and press back into your first downward facing dog. The day so downward dog it’s like you’re in an inverted vshape.
Your hands are shoulderwidth apart your feet are hip width apart. Look at your feet, turn your heels out enough until you can no longer see your inner heels. So your legs are in a neutral rotation. So there’s effort to get your legs in neutrally. We have to internally rotate to get them to go in neutral. Start to press your thigh bones back. As you press your hands down to the mat press especially into the base at the index finger. Turn your outer arms your triceps down towards the floor and squeeze them in. Move the hips way back.
Looking between your hands walk the feet to the front in the mat. Grab a hold of opposite elbows and fold forward. Just let your head drop down here. Put a little bend in your knees. So we don’t wanna like go into the body forcefully. We want to create this ease. That’ why we we start out like this. Calm, easy, breathe. Connect to your breath and feel the back body start to wake up. So there’s a line of energy from the feet up the backs of the legs.
Your whole back body, all the way up into your head. Feel that whole back body start to release here as you hang. Now bring your hands to your hips. Press into your feet and inhale. Come all the way up to stand. Stand at the front of your mat or the front of your space. Bring your big toes together and stand tall. Mountain pose tadasana. So you’re establishing your space. And this is kind of like your blueprint pose for all of your standing poses. So you wanna press down.
Evenly into your feet heels big toe mounts, little toe mounts. And make the leg strong. Now inhale. Reach your arms up. Same things you did on the floor. Press through the heels inner thighs back, tailbone down. Arms reaching. Exhale fold forward. Let all the air out. Inhale, create a flat back. Lengthen your spine. Exhale, step back your left leg into a lunge. So you’re lunging with your right foot forward. Your knee is right over your ankle. So you press through your back heel lift your back thigh and lengthen your spine.
Plant your hands and step back to plank position. Shift forward and lower down until everything is in line with your elbows. It’s called chaturanga. Lower all the way to your belly. And flip your toes back for baby Cobra. Roll your chest forward and up. As you reach back through your toes, press the pinkies down and lift the inner knees. Lift your low abs and roll the chest forward and up. And exhale and move back to downward facing dog. Look in between your hands, step that right foot forward into a lunge.
Inhale. Exhale. Step your left. Inhale, create a flat back. Lengthen your spine. And exhale, fold forward. Let all the air out. Press down into your heels. Inhale. Root to rise. Root to your feet. Reach your arms up, grow tall. Exhale, bring your hands to your heart. And drop your arms to your sides. Back to the mountain pose. Inhale, raise the arms up over head. Exhale, fold forward. Inhale, create a flat back. Lengthen. Exhale, step the right leg back into a lunge. Pause here in this lunge. Press through your back heel. Lift your back thigh.
And squeeze your left hip into the midline is you lengthen from your tailbone to your crown. Keep that length as you step the left leg back into plank. From the heels to the crown you’re long. Shift forward and lower. Keep that line of energy. Chaturanga. And lower to your belly. Inhale, baby Cobra. Elbows in here. Chest broad, exhale press up and back downward facing dog. Holding your down dog, lengthen the backs of the legs. Move the tops of your thighs back. Press your femur bones back. Now step your left foot in between your hands on an exhalation.
Inhale, step your right leg forward and lengthen your spine. Exhale, fold forward. Press down into your heels. Inhale, reach up with your breath take the arms up. Exhale, bring the hands to your heart. Drop the hands to the side. Inhale, raise your arms up and over head. Look up this time, maybe touch. Exhale fold forward. Inhale, create a flat back. Get length. Exhale, step or jump back to chaturanga. Inhale, stretch your toes, open your chest. Up dog. Exhale, downward facing dog. Look between the hands. So when you look at your hands look to see that the pressing even into the mat.
Move your hips back and then on your exhale, step or jump lightly. Inhale, lengthen the spine. Exhale, fold forward. Press down into your feet. Inhale, come all the way up. Reach your arms up. Exhale, bring your arms to your side. Again, Sun Salutation A. Inhale, take the arms up creating heat and energy in the body. Exhale fold forward. Inhale, create a flat back. Exhale, step or jump back lightly to chaturanga, strong arms here, belly in. Inhale upward facing dog, legs active. Firm the backs of your legs and your buttocks to your heels as you open your chest.
Exhale, downward facing dog. You want to make sure those thighs stay in neutral this whole time. You don’t want your legs turning out especially in the back bend. Otherwise it’s gonna put a pinch your lower back. Take a couple breaths here in Down dog. Feel the energy balance out with your breath. Okay now let’s jump forward. look in between your hands, step or jump. Inhale, lengthen it out. Exhale, fold. Press down into your feet. Inhale, come all the way up. Keep your legs strong as you reach your arms up.
Exhale, bring the arms to your side. Good, now step your right leg back about four feet and spread your arms out. Turn your toes so they point straight ahead. Now let’s turn the legs to the right. The left leg pivots in slightly. The right leg turns out ninety degrees, all the way. As you anchor your left heel bend the right leg toward a 90 degree angle so that if you look down on your right knee it’s right over your ankle. And then you want your whole leg to track so.
Look at your right leg, the center ankle, the center knee, even your center hips should track straight ahead. So squeeze your outer right hip in. Gluteus maximus. Firm that buttock in. Press your right knee open so it tracks straight ahead. Now as you anchor that back heel, bend the right leg a little deeper and let’s move put the right hand on that outside of the foot on the floor, on a block. Then externally rotate your left arm. Take the arm all the way over head. So I normally like to use a block in this posture,.
But I didn’t have one today. So I just put my fingertips high on the floor. And what I’m trying to do is I’m trying to create length through all four sides of my torso. So I don’t want the right side to get crunchy here. It’s not a side bend. It is a lateral movement, but the spine stays long. So as you press into your back heel feel length all the way out through your fingertips. Breath. Now inhale, come back up, warrior 2. Exhale, straighten your right leg, turn your foot in.
So let’s pause here in the middle and then turn your legs for the other side. So I pivot my right leg in slightly. And I turn the left leg all the way out. Press the back heel and bend the left leg towards a 90 degree angle. Now look at that left leg, it’s really important that it tracks straight ahead. You don’t want your knee to lock in. So press that knee open, squeeze the left hip in. And now lift through all four sides of your waist. Lift your side chest.
And spread your arms from the collarbones, the center the chest, all the way out to the fingers. Most importantly breath steady in and out through your nose. Now exhale, put the fingertips on the outside of your foot. Right close to your ankle. Exhale, take your right hand all the way over head. Feel your foundation. It’s your feet. Press down evenly into your feet. So anchor your back leg and make the back leg strong. Feel the weight in the front of the left heel. Did your knee start to fall in Press your.
Left knee open, and feel length through all four sides of your waist. The chest is open, but watch that your front bottom ribs don’t get exaggerated. They’re gonna want to push forward when you open your chest. So draw your bottom ribs back in towards your frontal hip points. Towards your hip bones. Inhale, take your right arm backup. Back up to warrior 2. Exhale, straighten your left leg. Pivot your left foot in. Alright now let’s step the feet to the front of the mat. Tadasana mountain pose. So pause after these standing poses, stand up straight and.
Tall. Take this time to feel your mountain pose. You’re pressing more into your heels so the weight of your body comes back over your ankles. Stack your hips, shoulders, and ears over your ankles. Role the shoulders back. Now inhale into chair pose. Bend your knees and sit back take arms up. Exhale, fold forward. Inhale to create a flat back. Lengthen your spine, legs strong. Plant the hands. Step or jump to chaturanga. Inhale, upward facing dog. Roll your shoulder tips back as you open the chest. Exhale. Downward facing dog.
From Down Dog step your right foot Close to your right thumb. Angle your back foot down. So you want your back foot turned in a little more than 45 degrees. Make the back legs straight. And then inhale, come right on up for Warrior one. Squeeze your right hip in. Lift through all four sides of your waist. Reach with the arms. Exhale, bring your hands back to the mat and step back to chaturanga. Inhale, point the toes back. Upward facing dog. Legs are strong, inner legs tight. Exhale, downward facing dog. From down dog.
On your exhalation pull your left knee up and step it close to your left thumb. Angle the back heel down. Squeeze your left hip into the midline. Come right up the middle. Reach with your arms Back legs straight. Lift your side chest. Exhale, bring your hands back to the mat. Plant them step back into chaturanga. Low plank, everything in line with your elbows. Inhale, upward facing dog. Exhale, down dog. Pause here. Steady your breath. So we just created a lot of heat in the body with chair pose and with warrior one.
So balance out that heat. Use that heat to start to move deeper into your poses. Alright, now bend your knees, step or jump to the front of your mat. Inhale, get length. Exhale, take all that length and get deeper. Inhale, into chair pose. Bend the knees and sit low like you’re in a little chair. Inhale arms up. Exhale, bring the arms to your side. Inhale, back into chair pose. So we’re gonna create a flow now. Exhale fold forward. This is called sun salutation b. Surya namaskar b. Inhale, lengthen your spine.
Exhale, chaturanga. Exhale, upward facing dog. Exhale down dog. Step your right leg warrior one. Close to your right thumb. Turn your back heel down. Same thing we did last time. Bring the arms up moving with the breath. Exhale, bring the hands back to the mat. Step back to chaturanga. Inhale, upward facing dog. Exhale, down dog. Step the left leg warrior one. Turn your back heel down. Inhale, come up slow with your breath. Reach there’s no rush. Exhale hands back to the mat. Step back into a low plank.
That’s called chaturanga. Elbows in. Inhale, upward facing dog. Exhale, down dog. So this vinyasa practice, or breath with movement practice. This is designed to build heat in the body. So that you feel safe to do you’re standing poses. So your muscles are warmed up. When we move deeper into the postures. Continue to breath even though you’re no longer moving. You’re just pausing here in downward dog. Let the breath Flow. Now let’s step the right foot and come up for crescent. So in crescent pose your back heel stays up. It looks like warrior 1.
Except the back heel stays up this time. Lift your back inner knee. Squeeze your right hip in. Okay now lean your chest out over your knee. Try to feel the line of energy from your back heel out through the crown of your head. Shoulder blades on your back. Lean your chest forward until you start to lean and balance. Pick up your left leg. So you’re balancing on your right leg. Lift your left leg up to hip height. Bring your hands forward maybe. It’s a challenge, don’t let your belly drop. Keep your low abs lifted.
Good, then step back into parsvottanasana. Step your left foot back about three and a half feet. Ground the heel in the mat like warrior 1. And then fold forward over your right leg. as you press your right big toe mount down drawl your right hip back and in. Now let’s step back to downward facing dog from here. So plant the hands. Step back, down dog. Let’s do it on the other side, step your left foot in between your hands. Close to your left thumb. Inhale, come up for crescent. So the back heel stays up. It’s just a lunge with.
Your arms up. Take a breath here. Drop your arms to your side, lean your chest out over your left knee. Your back leg is strong. Your left hip hugs in. Now keeping your left hip hugged in, step up and balance on your left leg. Stack your left hip right over your ankle. Level your hipsand your waist to the floor. You want your right toes to point straight down. Now hold here. If you wanna make it more challenging like you did on the other side, take your arms forward. Its not a requirement.
Hands could stay at prayer. Hold here. Good, now plant your hands on the mat, step back your right foot about three and a half feet, put it on the floor and try to straighten your left leg. Instead of pushing the knee down, think like your pulling energy up into your hip socket. So lift your thigh bone up into the hip socket and pull your left hip crease back and in. All right, now plant your hands, step back, downward facing dog. You’re welcome to ad vinyasas throughout these. If you want to do an extra.
Chaturanga, up dog, down dog, that’s fine. From Down Dog look in between the hands, step or jump forward. Inhale, get length. Exhale, fold. Let your head drop down. Inhale into chair pose, oh no actually let’s come into a squat. We’ve done enough chair. So squat down and we’re gonna try an arm balance now. You gonna put your knees way up high into your upper arms. Your gonna squeeze the knees into your arms, see if you can just lean into your arms like your arms are doing chaturanga. and you’re gonna look forward and start to.
Balance. Maybe the arms can start to go straighter like I’m showing in the tutorial. Now look forward, step or jump back to chaturanga. Inhale, upward facing dog. Exhale down dog. It’s kind of a tricky pose. If you didn’t get it down just keep practicing. From down dog shift forward to plank position. Shoulders over your wrists. And let’s roll onto the outer edge of the left foot. And take the right arm up. So this is just like doing mountain pose but turned on side with the arms spread. So you want to create.
Keep the activity of the feet pressed through the heels, roll your inner thighs back. And your tailbone down. Press through your heels and lengthen out through the top of your head. Alright now bring your right arm back to the mat. Right hand down. Let’s go right to the other side. Roll onto the outer edge of your right foot, take your left arm up. Make the leg strong, squeeze the thigh muscles to the bone. Firm the buttocks to the heels and lift up your belly. As you lift.
And broaden your top chest. The neck is long so feel length in the spine. Bring your left hand back to the mat, back to plank. Press straight back to down dog. So in my own practice I don’t like to do too many vinyasas. Because the repetitive nature of it can start to cause injuries. If not done really well. But you’re welcome to ad these vinyasas if you like. Bring your hands to your hips with your right leg straight come on up. Press into your back heel, with your left.
Arm up, and then reach forward halfway. Put your left hand down on the outside of your foot turn your chest and take a right arm up. So this is called twisted triangle pose. Back heel is down like warrior one. Now I didn’t have a block today but I normally like to use a block underneath my hand because it is too hard to get my hand down and get the full expression the pose. If you want to use a block, just put a block underneath your hand, it might help.
From here let’s move into twisted half moon. So slide your left hand a foot in front of your foot. Squeeze your right hip in and lift the left leg up to hip height. Pull your chest forward as you press through your back heel. Open up, spread your arms. Now stay even on the right foot. Squeeze the right hip in so it’s right over the ankle and as you inhale, look for more length from your back heel to the top of your head. Now bring your right hand down and take your left leg up from the inner thigh.
Standing splits. If you wanna play around with balance you can try bringing your hand to your right ankle. Lift the leg a little higher. And lower your left leg to meet your right. Fold forward. Alright now squat down on your heels, we’re gonna try a. another arm balance. This one’s called twisted crow. So in this one I bring my hands to either side of my right leg, and then see if I can hook my knee into my left tricep. And maybe balance on my arm. Keep the elbows hugged in like chaturanga.
And then maybe even try to stretch your legs out. A little tricky variation, eka pada koundinyasana. From there lower your toes back down the mat. Come back to your squat. Fold forward. Inhale, lengthen. Step or jump back to chaturanga. Inhale upward facing dog. Roll the chest open. Exhale down dog. So don’t worry if you can’t do those arm balances just keep going with the practice. From down dog, step your left foot in between your hands. Step your back foot a little bit closer and turn the heel down. Straighten the left leg.
Put your hands to your hips and come on up. Inhale, take your right arm up. Exhale, fold forward halfway. Set your right hand down on the outer edge of your foot. And turn your chest up to the ceiling. Take your left arm up. Keep your back heel anchored. As you press your left big toe mound down, squeeze you left hip in. As you anchor your back heel, lengthen from your tailbone to your crown. and turn your chest. Maybe even look up if the balance is good. I just like to look straight ahead though.
Now look down. Put your right hand a foot in front of your foot as you bend your left leg. Step up to balance. Lift the right leg up to hip height. Now get even on the left foot. Press into all three points in your left foot. The big toe, little toe mound and the center heel. Squeeze your left hip in and now as you inhale, lengthen from your right heel out through the top of your head. Push through the heel, pull forward and turn your chest. Reach your arms. Now bring your left hand.
Back down to the mat and take your right leg up from the inner thighs. Standing splits. If you wanna play around balance, you could try bringing maybe one hand to your left ankle and taking that right leg higher up. And then lower your right leg to meet your left. Squat down. We’re gonna try that arm balance on the other side. So I turn my belly to the left. Put your right arm on your left leg. So try to hook the knee of your left leg way up high towards here right armpit. Then.
Lean into your arm and maybe pick up your feet and balance. Hug in on your abs. So hug your ribcage in and down. Lift your pelvic floor and low abs. So you’re engaging your abdomen. Maybe take your legs open.stretch em out. Okay now come back to your squat. Inhale, lengthen your spine. Create a flat back. Ardu tadasana. Exhale fold. Let your head hang. Inhale, lengthen out again. Exhale. Step back to plank, lower the knees, sit your buttocks down to your heels. Child’s pose. So extended child’s pose, the big toes are together,.
Take your knees just wide enough for your torso, your ribs to fit in between. Stretch the arms out. Alright now moving right along, inhale come on up. And we’re gonna do preparation for headstand. So to do this I want you to put your elbows underneath your shoulders like I’m showing. I interlace my hands. I curl my toes under, I lift my knees up. So this is called dolphin pose or down dog on the forearms. I’m pressing the center forearm down I lift the hips up away from the elbows. And then notice.
The shoulder blades, the upper back is pressed in, so you want to move your upper spine in. You don’t want your upper back to round here. See if you can walk your toes in closer like I did without letting your upper back round. Then lift the hips up higher. If that went well, that’s gonna show you’re ready to do a headstand. As long as you have control of your upper back. So if you wanna stay here just work on that control. It’s good to hold it for.
About a minute. If you’re new to yoga it’s gonna build the strength that you need. If you working on headstand, I’ve showed going into headstand here. So you can lower your head, bring your knees into your chest, balance. Bring the knees up and then take the feet up. Headstand. What’s important is that you’re pressing down into that forearm. So from the elbows to the wrists you’re pressing evenly. If your head is down you’re right on the crown of the head. Same thing as in tadasana. Press through the heals, inner thighs back.
Tailbone lifts this time, lengthens towards the heels. And those ribs drawl in. Alright now, come back down. And rest in child’s pose. I like to take a variation in child’s pose with the arms back after headstand. Let your head rest. So if you decided just to work on that down dog on your forearms, that’s a great preparation pose. In fact many days I actually just practice holding that instead of headstand. Just to work the arms, the upper back, create the alignment I need necessary to be able to do headstand.
Alright let’s inhale, come back up on the hands and the knees and move back into downward facing dog. So especially if you did headstand, this is a pose to help to release your neck. So just let your head hang. Right now let’s look forward. ooooh. jump through to seated. Tricky jump through. If you can’t jump through just step. Whatever you’ve got to do. Lie on your back, and once you’re on your back you’re gonna prepare for bridge pose. Bring your heels close to your buttocks, feet hip width.
Apart. Press the heels down, lift the hips up. If you’re using a mat take your four fingers under the mat, and your thumbs on top so you’re gripping the sides of the mat. If you don’t have a mat you can just grab a strap or a shirt or interlace your hands. Now pull out with your arms. Spin your biceps out and turn your triceps, that’s the back of your arm muscles towards each other. This external rotation of your arms will help you to open up your chest.
And the shoulder blades will plug on your back more evenly. Press the arms down so you activate your back muscles necessary to hold the blades in. Keep the neck long. Now as you press your heels down squeeze the backs of your legs and your gluts towards the backs of your knees. keep the inner thighs down so the thighs stay in that neutral position that we talked about earlier. If all that’s too confusing for you just think about pressing your heels down, lifting your hips up. That’s enough. Alright, take a break. Lower down take a breath.
And go right back up into it. Press your heels down, lift your hips up. Hold here. This is a great position to strengthen the backs the legs, which is important for your posture. That the backs of your legs, the glutes are strong. Keep your knees in. If your knees are knocking out you’ve got to bring them back in towards each other. So lineup with your ankles. Now again pull your heels towards your shoulders. So you squeeze the backs of your legs. Release your inner upper thighs down, but then squeeze your buttocks to the backs.
Of your knees. Alright lower back down, take a breath. We’re gonna do one more these, this time with the hands interlaced. So press the heels down, lift your hips up, interlace your hands. Come on, get those hips up. Now keep the neck long, try not to strain in your neck. Your arms are interlaced, you’re pressing the arms down so you could lift your chest more. But keep squeezing and lifting your buttocks up. Alright, now lower the buttock back down to the mat. Take a breath. So if you have a different variation of that posture.
Like you wanna do urdhva dhanurasana or upward bow, you’re welcome to try that now. Otherwise, thats enough back bending. Bring your feet into happy baby, so bring your hands onto the inside of your knees. Grab a hold of the outsides of the feet. And take the feet up towards the ceiling. The let the knees drop down. See if you can let your tailbone buttock drop back down to the mat. And then lengthen out your neck, you’re next gonna kind of gonna try to pull in. So think of moving the back of your skull further.
From your shoulders here. So you let the spine elongate on the floor. Alright now hug your knees into your chest, apanasana. Bring your head up to your knees and roll up to seated. Stretch your legs out in front of you. Sit in dandasana. Just like mountain pose, it was important that we establish a good mountain pose. This seated pose dandasana is important for all of your seat postures that we’ll do. So press the heels forward. Roll the inner thighs down. Lift through all four sides your waist. Now let’s bring the right knee into the chest.
Hug it in and sit up tall. Try not to let yourself sink. Wrap your left arm around your leg, put your right finger tips behind you. Roll your right shoulder back, open your chest. Now first I look for the length so I pull my knee in and I try to grow tall on my spine from the tailbone to the crown. I’m sitting up tall. And then I look for the twist. Always in twist the length comes first. You wanna get length even between all the vertebra in the spine.
Before you start twisting on them. Otherwise we run into problems. With the twisting. Keep the left hip active like in dandasana and turn your chest. Alright now let’s come out. Straighten the right leg back to dandasana. Seated staff pose. Sit like you got a stick up your back. Bring your left knee in towards your chest. Hug it in and sit up tall. Remember first the length in the twist. Wrap your right arm around your leg. Left arm comes behind you. Again inhale sit up tall. Then exhale turn.
You can even turn the gaze here to help with the turn of the chest. The right leg stays active like it’s still in dandasana. The inner thigh rolls down. You’re lifting through the four sides of your waist. Turning your chest as you hold here. Breath steady. Inhale length. Exhale twist deeper. Alright now come out of the twist, look forward. Stretch your left leg out so you’re back in dandasana. Seated staff pose. The staff is like it’s up your back. That’s why it’s called seated staff. Inhale the arms up. Exhale.
Take all the length that you’ve created and reach for your feet. This is called paschimottasana, western intensive stretch pose. The sun salutations are done facing East. So the backside of your body is considered the west side of the body. So in this pose the full backside of the body is being stretched. So once I grab my feet I inhale and lengthen and then I can exhale and fold deeper into the pose. Deep stretch. Inner thighs release down. The front of the buttock bones press down into the mat.
And then I try to lengthen the whole spine. There’s a tendency just to round down the upper back. Try not to let yourself do that. Try to lengthen the whole spine. Head toward your feet. Now inhale, come back to dandasana. And slowly roll yourself down one vertebra at a time. All the way down on to your back. Turn your palms to face up. let the feet sway open. Take a deep breath in, and let it out. Shavasana. So you worked really hard this practice, built a lot of heat in the body. You want to give yourself this time to relax.
This is your final meditation, it’s a very important part of your practice. In this final meditation let all the muscles of the body release. From head to toe just let your body drop into your mat wherever you’re lying down. Let go the control of the breath. So throughout the whole practice you were trying to breathe steady in and out through your nose. You were trying to balance the length of the inhale with the exhale. Now just let go of that. Instead just watch the rhythm other breath.